Student learning materials

Course descriptors

Mental Health Course Resources

First aid video clips


Anaphylaxis, or anaphylactic shock, is the most serious allergic reaction and can cause death without prompt medical attention.


Angina is temporary chest pain or discomfort due to a reduced blood supply to the heart muscle.


Asthma is a disorder of the smaller airways of the lungs. People with asthma have sensitive airways which can narrow when exposed to certain ‘triggers’ leading to difficulty in breathing.

Bites and stings

Most insect bites and stings are not poisonous and come from mosquitoes, flies, fleas, spiders, ticks, wasps, bees and beetles. However Australia is home to some of the most venomous creatures in the world.


A burn is a type of injury to the flesh caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, light, radiation or friction, prompt first aid management is essential.


Choking is where a foreign object partly or completely blocks a person’s airway. Choking may be a life-threatening medical emergency.

Circulatory system

The heart, blood and blood vessels make up the circulatory system, which services all the cells in the body. Common problems of the circulatory system include an aneurysm, atherosclerosis, heart disease, high blood pressure and varicose veins.


Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood are too high. Blood glucose levels are normally regulated by the hormone insulin, which is made by the pancreas.

Exposure to extreme temperatures

Exposure to both excessive heat and excessive cooling can have serious effects on the human body. The two extreme temperatures of heat and cold are referred to as: hyperthermia and hypothermia.

Eye injuries

Physical or chemical injuries of the eye can be a serious threat to vision if not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion. The most obvious presentation of eye injuries is redness and pain of the affected eye/s


Fainting is a momentary episode of unconsciousness caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure. Common causes include heat, pain or distress. If you feel faint, lie down and elevate your feet.

Head injuries

Head injuries can be serious and require urgent medical attention. A hard blow to the head, from a fall, knock or assault, can injure the brain, even when there are no visible signs of trauma to the scalp or face.

Heart attack

A heart attack occurs when there is a complete blockage of a coronary artery, or its branches, depriving a section of the heart muscle of its blood supply and therefore oxygen.

Infection control

An increased risk of infection exists when providing first aid due to the likelihood of exposure to blood and body fluids. The use of effective infection control precautions at all stages in the emergency management of casualties is essential.

Manual handling

Manual handling is defined as any activity requiring the use of force exerted by a person to lift, push, pull, carry or otherwise move, hold or restrain any object (including a person).

Musculoskeletal system

The human musculoskeletal system provides locomotion, support and protection to the human body. The system consists of bones, joints and muscles.

Nervous system

The nervous system helps all the parts of the body to communicate with each other. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord, while the other nerves of the body are called the peripheral nervous system.


Poison is any substance that, when taken into the body may be harmful to the normal functioning of the body.

First aid priority action plan

A first aid priority action plan is a quick reference tool to guide the first aider in what to do and the order in which actions are taken when managing an emergency situation.


Resuscitation is a general term used to encompass first aid and medical treatments intended to restore a person to life where there are no signs of life and include measures such as rescue breathing, chest compressions and defibrillation.


Seizures are caused by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain.

Shock and bleeding

Bleeding is loss of blood from the circulatory system. Causes can include minor bleeding from small cuts and abrasions, nosebleeds, severe external bleeding, or internal bleeding. Shock is a serious, life-threatening condition where insufficient blood flow reaches the body tissues.

Spinal Injury

Spinal cord injury refers to any injury to the spinal cord that is caused by trauma instead of disease. Good first aid management of a spinal injury is essential.


Stroke occurs when a blood vessel to the brain is suddenly blocked or bleeds. As a result, brain function may be lost and activities such as movement, thinking and communication may be impaired.

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