Asthma is a disorder of the smaller airways of the lungs. People with asthma have sensitive airways which can narrow when exposed to certain ‘triggers’ leading to difficulty in breathing.
The heart, blood and blood vessels make up the circulatory system, which services all the cells in the body. Common problems of the circulatory system include an aneurysm, atherosclerosis, heart disease, high blood pressure and varicose veins.
Exposure to both excessive heat and excessive cooling can have serious effects on the human body. The two extreme temperatures of heat and cold are referred to as: hyperthermia and hypothermia.
Fainting is a momentary episode of unconsciousness caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure. Common causes include heat, pain or distress. If you feel faint, lie down and elevate your feet.
A heart attack occurs when there is a complete blockage of a coronary artery, or its branches, depriving a section of the heart muscle of its blood supply and therefore oxygen.
Manual handling is defined as any activity requiring the use of force exerted by a person to lift, push, pull, carry or otherwise move, hold or restrain any object (including a person).
The nervous system helps all the parts of the body to communicate with each other. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord, while the other nerves of the body are called the peripheral nervous system.
A first aid priority action plan is a quick reference tool to guide the first aider in what to do and the order in which actions are taken when managing an emergency situation.
Bleeding is loss of blood from the circulatory system. Causes can include minor bleeding from small cuts and abrasions, nosebleeds, severe external bleeding, or internal bleeding. Shock is a serious, life-threatening condition where insufficient blood flow reaches the body tissues.
Spinal cord injury refers to any injury to the spinal cord that is caused by trauma instead of disease. Good first aid management of a spinal injury is essential.
Australian Resuscitation Council
The Asthma Foundation of Victoria
Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy
Department of Health Victoria
Australian Children’s Education and Care Quality Authority